Thursday, 16 August 2018

(Post 45/week 33)Zero dollar project updates:carousell,Bitcoin Faucets,Short Link,Online survey and Adsense update

Updates for last two week of zero dollar project

1.Carousell
2.Bitcoin faucets
3.Short link
4.Online survey
5.Adsense update

1.Carousell

My carousell:carousell.com/eric996

Total earnings for carousell last week:$1+$2(via meetup)=$3

2.Bitcoin faucets


Current coinpot holding




Bitcoin core: 5235 Satoshi
Bitcoin cash: 5873 bch
Dogecoin:  57.26doge
Litecoin:  0.00158 ltc
Dashcoin: 0.00045305 dash

3.Short link

Last two week






Currently





Total earning for short link last two week:$4.6883-$3.8508 = $0.8375

For more information on how's I use both short link on my blog and YouTube, read here

4.Online survey

Current online survey on my list...(Bold mean that these survey websites have been verified for payout)

4.1 Toluna
4.2.surveyon
4.3 YouGov
4.4 mobrog
4.5 ipanelonline
4.6 viewfruit
4.7 mysurvey
4.8 millleu(App on google play store)






Survey that payout last two week:surveyon($2.00),mobrog($6.25)

The total payout for last week survey:$2.00+6.25=$8.25

5.Adsense


Last week earning for Adsense:$0.54

Total earnings for last two week zero dollar project:$3 + $0.8375 + $8.25+ $0.54=$12.62

That's all for the updates this week for my zero dollar project! stay tuned to my investment project updates for this week!

Monday, 13 August 2018

(Post 44/week 33)Learning investing/trading together part 2(Investment style)

Continuing on from last week(part 1), this week we will be learning about the different investment  style and the different between different type of stock



Growth investor

What you want from your investments
  • Capital gains and growth are more important
For an investor who...
  • Have shorter term horizons
  • Are seeking higher capital appreciation
  • Want to achieve a lump-sum investment amount that is larger than accumulated savings
Company and stock selection
  • Identify companies that have the potential to grow, or whose revenues and earnings are expected to increase at a faster rate than its peers
Relevant financial criteria
  • 5-year Revenue Growth
How to Calculate 1-year revenue growth?(just like calculating simple interest rate in school)

E.g A company reports  $10 million in total revenue last year and $12 million for the recent year. You take this year $2million divide last year's $10 million which gives you 0.2(0.2 * 100), which times 100 gives us 20%(remember percentage is *100). Therefore, this company had a 1-year revenue growth of 20% from last year to this year.

Total revenue for last year:$10,000,000($10 million)
This year for this million year:$12 million($12 million)
Difference between this year and last year:$12,000,000-$10,000,000=$2,000,000
1-year revenue growth:$2,000,000/$10,000,000=0.2*(100)=20%

Calculating 1-year revenue growth may seem chicken feet to some(at least not for me! haha), but what if you want to calculate 5-year revenue growth?


How to calculate 5-year revenue growth?(just like calculating compound interest formula in school)
Link:https://www.investopedia.com/terms/c/cagr.asp

The 5-year revenue growth is the same as the CAGR(compound annual growth rate)? I think?
P.S, I hate financial jargon as much as you do...

So what is CAGR(compound annual growth rate) anyway?

It is the mean annual growth rate of an investment period of more than a year, which in our case is 5 year!

It is also a representation number that describes the rate of the investment if it has grown steadily over the years, however, some years the company made more money or made less money(e.g company A make $2 million for the year 2018 and make $1 million for the year 2019)


For example, company A data:
The year 2013(Begin value, currently has):$10million
The year 2018(End value, currently has):$20million
Number of years=2018-2013=5 years

CAGR of company A is =(($20,000,000/$10,000,000)^(1/5))-1=14.8%
  • Price-Earnings Ratio
What is the Price-Earnings Ratio?
Image result for price to earning ratio formula

link:https://www.investopedia.com/terms/p/price-earningsratio.asp
Link:http://www.sharesinv.com/articles/2014/07/04/price-to-earnings-tutorial/

The Price-earnings ratio is one the popular ratio that measures the price of its current stock to its earnings. To put it in a simpler word, it is a ratio that identifies how expensive or how cheap a stock is.For example, a company currently trading at a P/E of 10, this means that the investor is willing to pay $10 for $1 current earnings. Below is an example of how to calculate the P/E ratio of SingTel currently (z74)

link:http://www.sharesinv.com/Z74/


As you can see in the above picture, the black circle show the P/E(price to earnings ratio), most of the websites will show the P/E, so there is no need for actual calculation(what a relief, eh?)

But let's verify the Price/Earning ratio via the formula above:)

P/E ratio(Black circle):9.6
Price per share(Red circle):$3.200
Earning per share(Pink circle):$0.3339
P/E ratio:$3.200/$0.3339=9.58370707697(round up)=9.6

As you can see above the P/E ratio is pretty accurate, hence there is no need to do self-calculation.

P/E ratio rule of thumb

  • Big and established companies(blue chip) normally have a P/E ratio of 15 of 25

Bear in mind that different industries in Singapore have different P/E ratio and that tech company such as facebook and google have very high P/E as you can below(Facebook P/E:28.44, Google P/E:53.56)


Will delve deep into P/E ratio for the different industries in a future post.

Risk to be aware of
  • This is a more aggressive form of investing which requires more active portfolio monitoring and management
Income investor

What you want from your investments
  • Having an income stream is more important
For an investor who...
  • Are depending on having a regular stream of income from their investments
Company and stock selection
  • Identify companies that pay dividend consistently
Relevant financial criteria

  • Dividend Yield
Image result for dividend yield formula
What is Dividend Yield and how to calculate it?

It indicates the percentage of your principal sum that the company is going to pay in the form of a dividend. It is similar to the bank interest rate(e.g DBS interest rate of 0.05%) that you earn annually but in this case, it is the stock interest rate that you will earn annually. Below is an example of how to calculate my dividend for Singapore bond index(A35)

Link:https://www.dividends.sg/view/A35(This is a very good link to check dividend by the way)

Using the formula to calculate dividend yield above

Annual dividend per share: $0.0261
Current share price:$1.125
Dividend yield:$0.0261/$1.125=0.0232(percentage always *100)=$2.32

As you can see it is the same as the dividend yield state above in the picture, so there is not a need to calculate too

Do look forward to part 3 where we explore the different investment product!

Sunday, 5 August 2018

(Post 43/week 32)Investment project updates part 2:Posb invest saver JULY 2018 summary

6.Posb invest saver(JULY 2018)

My POSB invest saver update for the month of may, read here
My POSB invest saver update for the month of June, read here

Regular saving plan updates for ABF Singapore Bond Index Fund(A35)

Breakdown of my regular saving plan(A35) this month(June 2018)
Total amount(regular saving plan)A35:$100
Price per share:$1.129700
Gross sales charge:0.5%
Net sales charge amount:0.5% of 100=$0.50
Net amount invested: Total amount-net sales charge amount=$100-$0.50=$99.50
Units issued: Net amount invested/price per share=$99.50/$1.129700=88.07648048=88 units



Summary: As of 22 July, the share price of A35 was at 1.127, which is quite at the middle with its maximum at 1.25(2011) and its lowest 1.00(2008). Will be watching it for any further movement.




Regular saving plan updates for Nikko AM Singapore STI ETF(G3B)

Breakdown of my regular saving plan(G3B) for this month(June 2018)
Total amount(regular saving plan)A35:$100
Price per share:$3.306500
Gross sales charge:0.82%
Net sales charge amount:0.82% of $100=$0.82
Net amount invested: Total amount-Net sales charge amount=$100-$0.82=99.18
Units issued: Net amount invested/price per share=$99.18/$3.306500=29.997882958=29 units



However, this month is special as the dividend from G3B come in this month!!

Fund name: NIKKO AM SINGAPORE STI ETF
Units held:55.0000

Dividend per share:$0.05200
Dividend amount:$2.76


Summary: As of 23 July 2018, the share price of G3B is at 3.36 and ES3 is at 3.345. Both ES3 and G3B has been on a downtrend for the last days and I think highly likely it will continue its downtrend, this could be a sign that the economy is slowing down. Will be watching it along with A35






(Current regular saving plan portfolio)


Monday, 30 July 2018

(Post 42/week 31)Investment project updates:Moolahsense(My fourth campaign)

6.Moolahsense(My fourth campaign with Moolahsense)

Note*the company name will not be revealed just like the previous post as my money are still inside moolahsense, haha(this is not a sponsored post by the way)

Issuer summary
Date of listing:OCT 2017
Amount:$500
Tenor:6 months
Repayment type: Equal installment

Quoting from the moolahsense website
  • Equal installment:A promissory note by which an installment of the principal subscription amoung and/or interest accrued and due up to the date of payment shall be payable on such dates as set out in a repayment schedule specified in the promissory note, and on the maturity date, the principal subscription amount would have been paid in full
Repayment term: Monthly
  • Repayment term: Will be paid monthly
Target interest rate:24%P.A

Quoting from Moolahsense website
  • Target interest rate: The maximum rate the issuer is willing to provide the interest on the principal subscription amount which the issuer wished to obtain, as notified in writing by the issue to Moolahsese
Purpose: Working capital

Quote from valuepenguin:https://www.valuepenguin.sg/what-is-working-capital
  • Working capital: It is a concept to describe a business ability to cover its short-term operating costs
  • E.g For this campaign, I have funded $500 into it(which is the amount I actually funded, which is the minimum sum that moolahsense accept for the campaign at that time)
  • As the target interest rate is 24%, this means that at the end of the tenor, which is 6 month I will expect to receive $560
  • 100%=$500
  • 12%(Interest for 12 month/1 years)=$60
  • 112%(The Principal + the interest for six month)=$500 + $60
  • Since the tenor is 6 months, each month I will receive $(inclusive of interest) in payment/equal installment
  • 1month=$560/6=$93.33
Summary company profile

  • The issue is a company incorporated in Singapore in 1995. 
  • The Issuer is in the food and beverage industry and has around 10 employees. The issuer offers Korean cuisine at its restaurant.
Detail of purpose

  • The Issuer seeks funds to invest in marketing campaigns and to hire additional chefs and waitstaff at its restaurant to support an anticipated increase in business volume following the marketing campaigns
Financial statement


  • No data in its financial statement due to the restaurant bankrupt and all data relating to its financial statement is deleted


Why did I invest in this loan?
  • No comparison of financial data due to restaurant bankrupt, hence I will use the DP credit rating disclaimer
  • DP credit rating disclaimer: DP8
  • >16.15%
  • As this campaign has already been finished, below is the repayment schedule so far

link on how too read the effective interest rate for moolahsense:http://letscrowdsmarter.com/understanding-interest-rates/

Monthly interest rate:interest/start balance=$10.00/$500=2%(Percentage conversion must *100)
Effective interest rate:2%*12=24%(Same as the target interest rate)

From the above picture, you can see that the Net repayment is at $89.26 instead of the $93.33 that I have mentioned above at the working capital, hence I will do a calculation here again

1-month repayment:$89.26
6-month repayment:$89.26*6=$535.56

$500(the amount I put in this campaign=100%
$535.56=(100/500)*535.56=107.112%
107.112%-100%=7.112%

The target interest rate as you can see in my above post is at around 24%P.A, after taking into account of the tenor rate being 6 months (12% only), compare to 7.112% its almost 5% difference(i shall call this net interest rate instead)in this campaign. To conclude, this means that if you invest in a (24%P. A) high-interest rate campaign in moolahsense, you will get only about 7.112%.

Nevertheless, despite being bankrupt they manage to pay all of the loans which is quite remarkable and commendable, unlike my other default loan.

The next funding campaigns that I will update soon have a target interest rate of 24%P.A and will be the first default loan that I will touch on

Stay tuned to my next week post:moolahsense(my fifth campaign)!

Wednesday, 25 July 2018

(Post 41/week 30)Zero dollar project updates:carousell,Bitcoin Faucets,Short Link,Online survey and Adsense update

Updates for last two week of zero dollar project

1.Carousell
2.Bitcoin faucets
3.Short link
4.Online survey
5.Adsense update

1.Carousell

My carousell:carousell.com/eric996



Total earnings for carousell last week:$4.50+$3(meetup)=$7.50

2.Bitcoin faucets

Current coinpot holding


Bitcoin core:5041 Satoshi
Bitcoin cash: 5302 bch
Dogecoin: 53.57 doge
Litecoin:  0.00147400 ltc
Dashcoin: 0.00041580 dash

3.Short link

Last two week






Currentlyy




Total earning for short link last two week:$4.2983-$3.8508 = $0.4475

For more information on how's I use both short link on my blog and YouTube, read here

4.Online survey

Current online survey on my list...(Bold mean that these survey websites have been verified for payout)

4.1 Toluna
4.2.surveyon
4.3 YouGov
4.4 mobrog
4.5 ipanelonline
4.6 viewfruit
4.7 mysurvey
4.8 millleu(App on google play store)


Survey that payout last two week:Toluna($20.00),surveyon($2.00,$2.00),viewfruit($5.00)

The total payout for last week survey:$20.00+$2.00+$2.00+$5.00=$29.00

5.Adsense


Last week earning for Adsense:$2.32

Total earnings for last two week zero dollar project:$7.50+$0.4475+$29.00+$2.32=$39.26

That's all for the updates this week for my zero dollar project! stay tuned to my investment project updates for this week!

Sunday, 22 July 2018

(Post 40/week 30)Tip for thought:Learning investing/trading together part 1(Why invest in stocks?)

Learning for investing/trading is a huge step in making that extra step to make your money harder for you, as the saying goes"Learning is a lifelong process"

But there are so many books out there on investing, which book should I start with first to learn?

 Anf of course, the first book should be none other than this book...

Presenting...

My first stock guidebook by SGX!!(No puns intended!)





This is a very useful book that gives a summary of the investment products that are available, without further ado, let's jump straight to the first part of the book


Why invest in share?
  • We need to put aside some saving
  • Deposit interest rate is less than 0.5% per year
  • Inflation ranges from 2-6%
  • Hence, we have to generate higher returns in other ways
  • Shares are a common investment choice for five reasons
Reason 1: Capital Growth(share increase in value over time)
  1. When we buy shares in a company, we are effectively buying a piece of the business. Over time, as the business expands, its revenues and profit growth, bringing up the value of our ownership in the business, which could cause the share prices to rise over time increasing our capital growth
  2. Capital Gains: Profit made from selling shares at a price higher than when we bought them
  3. Capital loss: Loss incurred when we sell shares at a price lower than when we bought them
Reason 2: Dividend Yield(Shares can pay us revenue when we hold them

  1. When companies make a profit...
  2. They can choose to reinvest those profits back into the business
  3. Hold onto it for future opportunities
  4. Distribute it to their shareowners a payout
  5. If we want to receive passive income(or a revenue stream from out investment), we look for companies that constantly pay a dividend
  6. Dividend payout is, semi-annually(Once every 6 months) or Quarterly(Once every 3 months) or Annually(Once every 12 months)
Reason 3: Diversification(Shares let us invest in different types of companies with a small amount of money)
  1. 800 companies are listed on the Singapore exchange, featuring the different business that serves a different market with different growth cycles.
  2. Investing in each company only requires a minimum of 100 shares
  3. This means you can spread your risk so that you do not have a large amount of money tied to a single company
  • Tip: Another way to diversify your investment is to invest in Exchange Traded Fund(ETF).
  • These are funds (or portfolios of stock) that are brought and sold through the Singapore Exchange. 
  • For example, the Straits times index(STI)ETF is a fund made up of the 30 largest, most actively traded companies that are listed on Singapore exchange.
  • These are well known, stable, blue-chip companies like DBS bank, SIA, Keppel Corp, Comfortdelgro, Singtel,capitaland and other familiar names. 
  • With a single investment into the STI ETF, we can own shares in 30 top companies! (I am currently vested in STI ETF via DBS Vickers and POSB regular saving plan)
Reason 4: Liquidity(We can buy and sell shares quickly and easily when we want)
  1. Another advantage of investing in shares is that we only need to buy or sell a minimum of 100 shares, and can do so quite quickly through brokers online trading services or by calling our representatives. Unlike investment in property and fixed deposits, we do not need to sell or exit the entire investment(just the amount that we want to convert to cash).
  2. This is great when we want to hold assets that have higher returns than deposits and yet can be converted to cash in any amount when we want.
  • Do note that purchase of share/transaction is calculated by the 100,e.g this means you can only purchase 1400 share, instead of 1468 shares

Reason 5: Transparency(We can see the price of the shares we want to buy or sell)
  1. As the shares and ETF are traded on the Singapore exchange, we can see the price of the shares as they are being brought and sold(this is known as the "market price").
  2. We can decide if we want to transact at the market price or...
  3. If we want to buy/sell at our desire price(although if our desired price is different from the market price, it may take longer to find a counterparty who agrees to transact at our price)
Final tip: While together these advantages apply to shares on Singapore exchange, not every share will offer all five advantages all the time, and certainly not at the same levels. When we invest in a company we are interested in, we should be familiar with what the company's business and what their returns, risk, and dividend are

Sunday, 15 July 2018

(Post 39/week 29)Investment project updates:Moolahsense(My third campaign)

6.Moolahsense(My second campaign with Moolahsense)

Note*the company name will not be revealed just like the previous post as my money are still inside moolahsense, haha(this is not a sponsored post by the way)

Issuer summary

Date of listing: NOV 2017
Amount:$80,000
Tenor:6M
Repayment type: Equal installment

Quoting from the moolahsense website
  • Equal installment:A promissory note by which an installment of the principal subscription amoung and/or interest accrued and due up to the date of payment shall be payable on such dates as set out in a repayment schedule specified in the promissory note, and on the maturity date, the principal subscription amount would have been paid in full
Repayment term: Monthly
  • Repayment term: Will be paid monthly
Target interest rate:24 % P.A.

Quoting from Moolahsense website
  • Target interest rate: The maximum rate the issuer is willing to provide the interest on the principal subscription amount which the issuer wished to obtain, as notified in writing by the issue to Moolahsese
Purpose: Working capital

Quote from valuepenguin:https://www.valuepenguin.sg/what-is-working-capital
  • Working capital: It is a concept to describe a business ability to cover its short-term operating costs
  • E.g For this campaign, I have funded $500 into it(which is the amount I actually funded, which is the minimum sum that moolahsense accept for the campaign at that time)
  • As the target interest rate is 24%P.A, this means that at the end of the tenor, which is 6 month(12%) I will expect to receive $560
  • 100%=$500
  • 12%(Interest for 6 months)=$60
  • 112%(The Principal + the interest for the two years=$1000+$60=$560
  • Since the tenor is 6 months, each month I will receive $93.33(inclusive of interest) in payment/equal installment
  • 1month=$500/6=$93.33

Summary company profile

  • The issuer is a company incorporated in Singapore in 2006. The Issuer is in the building and construction industry and has around 10-20 employees. The Issuer specializes in the installation, servicing, and maintenance of fire prevention and protection systems as well as fireproofing materials. The Issuer is registered with the Building and Construction Authority of Singapore as a Registered Contractor for Fire Prevention & Protection Systems. 

Detail of purpose

  • The Issuer seeks funding to provide working capital for existing and new contracts which have been awarded to the Issuer.

Financial statement

Will only reveal a part of the financial statement due to confidentiality. As I have mentioned a few weeks ago in my post, that I only mainly use this three ratio: current ratio, quick ratio and debt to equity ratio to decide in investing in a campaign, hence I will be showing its ratio below

The ratio is as follow(left side of the column is for the year 2016/right side of the column is for the year 2015)

Year 2016/Year 2015
(Current ratio 2016:1.41),(Current ratio 2015:3.53)

  • A simple ratio of current asset divide by current liabilities
  • Current liabilities are debt that needs to clear in the short term(in a year)
  • If a company has a current ratio less then 1.0, do not invest in it
  • If a company has a current ratio more then 2.0, May consider investing in it
  • The higher the current ratio, the better
  • For the current ratio of 2015:3.53, it is higher than the recommended range(>2.0)
  • For the current ratio of 2016:1.41, it is higher than the recommended range(>2.0)
(Quick ratio 2016:1.41),(Quick ratio 2015:3.53)
  • The quick ratio is almost similar to current ratio except that it is assumed that the company does not sell its inventories(e.g Toyota inventory is its car) or stock, it is still able to fulfill its debt
  • If the company has a quick ratio of 0.75 and below, do not invest in it
  • If the company has a quick ratio of 1.25 and above, May consider investing in it
  • The higher the quick ratio the better
  • For the quick ratio of 2015:3.53, it is higher than the recommended range(>1.25)
  • For the quick ratio of 2016:1.41, it is higher than the recommended range(>1.25)

(Total liabilities/equity 2016:1.79),(Total liabilities/equity 2015:0.17)

  • The debt ratio is calculated by total liabilities divided by the equity
  • If the company has a debt ratio of 1.5 and above, do not invest in it
  • The company should essentially have a debt ratio of 1.0, if the debt ratio is below 0.75, do consider investing in it
  • The lower the debt to equity ratio the better
  • For the Total liabilities/equity of 2015:1.79, it is out of the recommended range(<0.75)
  • For the Total liabilities/equity of 2016:0.17, it is in the recommended range(<0.75)

Why did I invest in this loan?
  • Both the current ratio 2015(3.53), quick ratio 2015(3.53) are above the recommended ratio of >2.0 and >1.25 respectively, however, its Total liabilities/equity 2015(1.79) are out of the recommended range of  <0.75.
  • The current ratio 2016(1.41), quick ratio 2015(1.41) are above the recommended ratio of >2.0 and >1.25 respectively and its Total liabilities/equity 2016(0.17) is in the recommended range of <0.75, as the financial statement ratio it met all of the above-recommended ratios, I would invest in the campaign
  • Furthermore,the Total liabilities/equity (2015) is 1.79 while the Total liabilities/equity (2016) is 0.17,sugggesting it is decreasing and this most probably mean that the company are paying off their liabities/debt
As this is still an ongoing campaign, below is the repayment schedule so far


link on how too read the effective interest rate for moolahsense:http://letscrowdsmarter.com/understanding-interest-rates/

Monthly interest rate:Principal/start balance=$10.00/$500=2%(Percentage conversion must *100)
Effective interest rate:2%*12=24%(Same as the target interest rate)

As you can see the status of the payment is completed, making this my first completed campaign in moolahsense, will continue with my next week post of moolahsense(my fourth campaign).