Tuesday 4 December 2018

(Post 63/week 50)Learning investing/trading together part 8:How to purchase a stock?(DBS vickers)

When I first started out on my buying stock, I search all over the internet for information on how to purchase a stock. But there wasn't much info out there(Trust me, I still haven't found any yet).

So here is a step by step guide on how to purchase a stock on DBS VICKERS(Apologies for not showing how to link the brokerage to CDP, but I have absolutely no way to replicate those step, you can comment below if you need any help though)

*P.S You can also skip this guide and contact your broker to guide you through step by step!

**As of 2020 ,new DBS Vickers Account do not need to topup your DBS Vickers Cash Account as new account holders will have their own eMCA Account linked to their DBS Vickers Account and all the funds in the eMCA account can automatically be used for DBS Vickers Cash Upfront when you login from your iBanking and select DBS Vickers.Hence you can skip to step 2

Step 1)Transfer money into your DBS Vickers account

How much to transfer? 
  • Well, it depends on how much your budget to purchase those stock and whether you have enough in your bank(laugh)
  • Currently, the brokerage fee for DBS cash upfront account is 0.12%, or min SGD10 whichever is higher
  •  Hence, the amount one should invest to maximize brokerage fee is $8,333.33
    • 0.12%/100=0.0012
    • 10/0.0012=$8,333.33
    • The maxmimum amount that one should invest in each trade should be not more than $8,333.33 
  • SCB charges 0.2% or minimum $10
  • FSM charges 0.08% or minimum $10
  • if you are investing up to $5,000, you can either use DBS Vickers or SCB or FSM.
  • If you are investing above $5,000 and up to $8,333.34, use either DBS Vickers Cash Upfront or FSM.
  • If you are investing above $8,888.34, use FSM.
  • ***Note: You can invest in any amount you like it need not be $8,333.33, in my personal case I use either $3000 or $5000
So you have decided the amount? What's next?
  • Transfer the money, of course!
1. Go to the investing tab in your DBS banking website and click on more investment services(black circle)

2. You will reach this page

3.Scroll down and select Top up cash to DBS Vickers account(Red circle)

4.You will Probably be asked to enter your sms 6 digit pin number at this time

5.After entering the your sms 6 digit pin number,you will arrive at this page

6.Scroll down and enter the amount you would like to transfer to your dbs vicker cash upfront account(e.g $1000),*take note it is an immediate transfer

7. You will be asked to verify the amount, click the submit button

8. After clicking the submit button, you will be shown the below screen

Step two)Time to buy some stock!

9. Go to the invest tab and click DBS Vickers online trading(Black circle)

10. You will be brought to this page, click the next button(Red circle)

11.Welcome to DBS Vickers! On the right side, you will see the drop down option to switch between the cash account and cash upfront account, the cash upfront account should reflect the amount you just deposited

12)The cash upfront buying power showed how much I have transferred into DBS Vickers, which in my case is $1000

13)Go to the trade tab and click place order(Blue circle)

14)You will be brought to the place order page, scroll down to the place order part

15)Start by entering the stock code that you would like to purchase(google for the company stock code if you are unsure)

This post is getting a little too long, I never really like long post, so I am going to continue this at my next post after explaining the various term

So, in my case I enter in the code: ES3(STI ETF)*Take note, this is different from the other STI ETF that you purchase with POSB invest saver(For more information about the difference between the two ETF, read here)

The terms are taken from this post, a while back,some important terms are...

  • Last action-how much was this share bought or sold for
  • Bid-how much someone is willing to pay for the share
  •  Ask is the price a seller is willing to sell the share
Bid Vol
  • Bid volume is buying volume because it has the potential to move the price up,in the above case it mean someone is buying 74900 shares at 3.095
Ask Vol
  • Ask vol is selling volume because it has the potential to move the price down,in this case it mean someone is selling 2000 shares at 3.100
*As taken from here: When a market is experiencing more buying volume than selling volume, it means that there are more traders buying at the ask price, which has a tendency to push the price up.
When a market is experiencing more selling volume than buying volume, it means that there are more traders selling at the bid price, which has a tendency to push the price down.
Chg or change
  • For a stock or bond quote, change is the difference between the current price and the last trade of the previous day
  • Today highest price for the stock so far
  • Today lowest price for the stock so far

Saturday 1 December 2018

(Post 62/week 49)Investment project updates(Peer to peer lending):Moolahsense(My ninth campaign)

Moolahsense(My ninth campaign with Moolahsense)

Note*the company name will not be revealed just like the previous post as my money are still inside moolahsense, haha(this is not a sponsored post by the way)

Issuer summary
Date of listing:Mar 2018
Tenor: 12 months
Note type: Equal installment

Quoting from the moolahsense website
  • Equal installment:A promissory note by which an installment of the principal subscription amoung and/or interest accrued and due up to the date of payment shall be payable on such dates as set out in a repayment schedule specified in the promissory note, and on the maturity date, the principal subscription amount would have been paid in full
Repayment frequency: Monthly
  • Repayment frequency: Will be paid monthly
Target interest rate:18%P.A

Quoting from Moolahsense website
  • Target interest rate: The maximum rate the issuer is willing to provide the interest on the principal subscription amount which the issuer wished to obtain, as notified in writing by the issue to Moolahsese
Purpose: Working capital

Quote from valuepenguin:https://www.valuepenguin.sg/what-is-working-capital
  • Working capital: It is a concept to describe a business ability to cover its short-term operating costs
  • E.g For this campaign, I have funded $100 into it
  • As the target interest rate is 18%, this means that at the end of the tenor, which is 12 month I will expect to receive $118
  • 100%=$100
  • 18%(Interest for 12 month/1 years)=$18.00
  • 118%(The Principal + the interest)=$100+ $18.00=$118.00
  • Since the tenor is 12 months, each month I will receive $9.83(inclusive of interest) in payment/equal installment
  • 1month=$118/12=$9.83
Summary company profile

  • The issue is a company incorporated in Singapore in 2007.  
  • The Issuer is in the building and construction industry and has more than 50 employees.
  • The Issuer is registered with the Building and Construction Authority of Singapore as a Registered Contractor for General Building and as a Licensed Builder with the designation General Builder Class 2.
Detail of purpose

  • The Issuer seeks funds to provide working capital for the performance of various contracts which have been awarded to the Issuer.
Financial statement

Will only reveal a part of the financial statement due to confidentiality. As I have mentioned a few weeks ago in my post, that I only mainly use this three ratio: current ratio, quick ratio and debt to equity ratio to decide in investing in a campaign, hence I will be showing its ratio below

The ratio is as follow(left side of the column is for the year 2016/right side of the column is for the year 2015)

Year 2016/Year 2015
(Current ratio 2016:2.35),(Current ratio 2015:1.83)

  • A simple ratio of current asset divide by current liabilities
  • Current liabilities are debt that needs to clear in the short term(in a year)
  • If a company has a current ratio less then 1.0, do not invest in it
  • If a company has a current ratio more then 2.0, May consider investing in it
  • The higher the current ratio, the better
  • For the current ratio of 2015:1.83, it is lower than the recommended range(>2.0)
  • For the current ratio of 2016:2.35, it is higher than the recommended range(>2.0)
(Quick ratio 2016:2.35),(Quick ratio 2015:1.83)

  • The quick ratio is almost similar to current ratio except that it is assumed that the company does not sell its inventories(e.g Toyota inventory is its car) or stock, it is still able to fulfill its debt
  • If the company has a quick ratio of 0.75 and below, do not invest in it
  • If the company has a quick ratio of 1.25 and above, May consider investing in it
  • The higher the quick ratio the better
  • For the quick ratio of 2015:2.35, it is higher than the recommended range(>1.25)
  • For the quick ratio of 2016:1.83, it is higher than the recommended range(>1.25)

  • (Total liabilities/equity 2016:1.31),(Total liabilities/equity 2015:1.87)

  • The debt ratio is calculated by total liabilities divided by the equity
  • If the company has a debt ratio of 1.5 and above, do not invest in it
  • The company should essentially have a debt ratio of 1.0, if the debt ratio is below 0.75, do consider investing in it
  • The lower the debt to equity ratio the better
  • For the Total liabilities/equity of 2015:1.31 it is out of the recommended range(<0.75)
  • For the Total liabilities/equity of 2016:1.87, it is out of the recommended range(<0.75)

    Why did I invest in this loan?
    • The current ratio of 2015 and total liabilities/equity is out of the recommended range,however they the current ratio,quick ratio and total liabilities/equity has improve from 2015 to 2016,hence i believe it will continue to improve in 2017.Hence,i have decided to invest
    • As the moment of writing, this loan is still ongoing and there is no late payment so far
    Repayment schedule?

    link on how too read the effective interest rate for moolahsense:http://letscrowdsmarter.com/understanding-interest-rates/

    Monthly interest rate:interest/start balance=$1.50/$100=15%(Percentage conversion must *100)
    Effective interest rate:1.5%*12=18%(almost the same as the target interest rate at 18%(see top of the post))

    From the above picture, you can see that the Net repayment is at $9.08 instead of the $9.83 that I have mentioned above at the working capital, hence I will do a calculation here again

    1-month repayment:$9.08
    6-month repayment:$9.08*12=$108.96

    $100(the amount I put in this campaign=100%

    The target interest rate as you can see in my above post is at around 18%P.A, after taking into account of the tenor rate being 12 months compared to 8.96% its almost 10% difference(i shall call this net interest rate instead)in this campaign. To conclude, this means that if you invest in a (18%P. A) high-interest rate campaign in moolahsense, you will get only about 8-9%%

    Stay tuned to my next week post:moolahsense(my tenth campaign)!

    Wednesday 28 November 2018

    (Post 61/week 48)TipforThought:Bill gates helpful lessons

    I just chance upon this interesting article and decided to take a picture. Some wise words from bill gates.

    It read as follow...

    Bill Gates gave a speech at high school about 11 things they will not learn in school. They are...

    1. Life is not fair, get used to it

    2. The world won't care about your self-esteem. The world will expect you to accomplish something before you feel good about yourself

    3. You will not make $60,000 a year out of high school. You won't be a vice president with carphone until you earn both.

    4. If you think your teacher is tough, wait till you get a boss

    5. Flipping burgers is not beneath your dignity. Your grandparents had a different word for flipping, they call it opportunity.

    6. If you mess up, it is not your parent fault, so don't whine about it and learn your mistakes

    7. Before you were born, your parent aren't as boring as they are now. They got that way from paying your bills, cleaning your clothes and listening to you talk about how cool you thought you were. So before you save the rain forest from the parasites of your parent's generation, try declosing the closet in your room

    8. Your school may have done away with winners and losers but life has not. In some schools, they have abolished failing grade and they give you as many times as you want to get the right answer. This doesn't bear the slightest resemblance to anything to real life.

    9. Life is not divided into semesters. You don't get summers off and very few employers are interested in helping you find yourself. Do that on your own time.

    10. Television is not real life, in real life, people actually leave the coffee shop and go to work

    11. Be nice to nerds, chances are you will end up working for one

    Sunday 25 November 2018

    (Post 60/week 48)Zero dollar project updates:carousell,Bitcoin Faucets,Short Link,Online survey and Adsense update

    Updates for last x week of zero dollar project(Honestly, been too long due to exam)

    2.Bitcoin faucets
    3.Short link
    4.Online survey
    5.Adsense update


    My carousell:carousell.com/eric996

    Been doing some heavy marketing everywhere, gumtree, facebook, you name it...

    Total earnings for carousell last week:$4 + $1=$5.00

    2.Bitcoin faucets

    Current coinpot holding

    Bitcoin core: 5718 Satoshi
    Bitcoin cash: 8562 bch
    Dogecoin: 61.37 doge
    Litecoin:  0.00198316 ltc
    Dashcoin: 0.00057426 dash

    3.Short link

    Last x week


    Total earning for short link last x week:$2.5820

    For more information on how's I use both short link on my blog and YouTube, read here

    4.Online survey

    Current online survey on my list...(Bold mean that these survey websites have been verified for payout)

    4.1 Toluna
    4.3 YouGov
    4.4 mobrog
    4.5 ipanelonline
    4.6 viewfruit
    4.7 mysurvey
    4.8 millleu(App on google play store)

    Survey that payout last week(only for nov):paneland

    The total payout for last week survey:$5.00


    Last week earning for Adsense:$3.82

    Total earnings for last x zero dollar project:$5 + $5+ +$2.58 + $3.82 =$16.40

    That's all for the updates this week for my zero dollar project! stay tuned to my investment project updates for this week!

    Friday 23 November 2018

    (Post 59/week 47)Investment project update part 2:Posb invest saver NOV 2018 summary

    Posb invest saver update(Nov 2018)

    My POSB invest saver update for the month of May, read here

    My POSB invest saver update for the month of June, read here
    My POSB invest saver update for the month of July, read here
    My POSB invest saver update for the month of Aug, read here
    My POSB invest saver update for the month of Sept, read here
    My POSB invest saver update for the month of Oct, read here

    Regular saving plan updates for ABF Singapore Bond Index Fund(A35)

    Breakdown of my regular saving plan(A35) this month(Nov 2018)
    Total amount(regular saving plan)A35:$100
    Price per share:$1.131500
    Gross sales charge:0.5%
    Net sales charge amount:0.5% of 100=$0.50
    Net amount invested: Total amount-net sales charge amount=$100-$0.50=$99.50
    Units issued: Net amount invested/price per share=$99.50/$1.131500=87 units

    Summary: As of 21 Nov, the share price of A35 was at 1.132, has not changed much from last month, which is quite at the middle with its maximum at 1.25(2011) and its lowest 1.00(2008). Will be watching it for any further movement, once below 1.100 will make a bulk purchase.No change in sentiment from last month.

    Regular saving plan updates for Nikko AM Singapore STI ETF(G3B)

    Breakdown of my regular saving plan(G3B) for this month(NOV 2018)
    Total amount(regular saving plan)A35:$100
    Price per share:$3.173300
    Gross sales charge:0.82%
    Net sales charge amount:0.82% of $100=$0.82
    Net amount invested: Total amount-Net sales charge amount=$100-$0.82=99.18
    Units issued: Net amount invested/price per share=$99.18/$3.3173330=31 units

    Summary: As of 21 Nov 2018, the share price of G3B is at 3.16 and ES3 is at 3.083. Both ES3 and G3B has been on a downtrend, will ES3 drop below 3.00?. I think there is still a possibility.  Will continue to be watching it along with A35.

    (Current regular saving plan portfolio)

    (When you trade long term through dollar cost averaging, no need to worry about the red:D)

    Don't forget to DYODD(Do your own due diligence!)

    Tuesday 20 November 2018

    (Post 58/week 47)Learning investing/trading together part 7:Deciding on a brokerage

    Sometime back in April 2018, after selling off my entire POSB invest saver for G3B, you can read about it here. I decided to take a more active approach in my money by foraying into investing/trading. Now, the first thing to do is to decide on a brokerage as a brokerage will allow you to do online and mobile trade


    The research link above from seedly provide a very comprehensive guide on choosing the cheapest stock brokerage in Singapore.

    The 1st question to decide on a brokerage in Singapore would be: CDP or custodian?

    1. What is CDP? (Central depository pte limited)

    As quoted from this SGX link,"CDP is a wholly owned subsidiary of the Singapore Exchange Ltd ("SGX"). We provide integrated clearing, settlement and depository facilities for our customers in the Singapore Securities Market, including both equities and fixed income instruments.
    As an investor, you can view and manage the investments you have with multiple brokers through a single CDP Securities Account".

    To put it simply...
    • CDP is a place where all your shares are stores
    • You can only have one CDP account under your name but you can use different broker ranging from DBS, OCBC, POEMS etc
    • There will be a clearing fee(0.0325%) and SGX trading fee(0.0075%) on each of your transaction, more on about this in the near future

    2. What is Custodian?
    • The stock is held by the brokerage you use,e.g standard chartered
    • Cheaper than a CDP account
    3. Which broker did I choose?

    I had already set up a brokerage account in DBS in 2016 at My first stock carnival. It was a fuss-free process of filling up particular form on the application of a brokerage account and a CDP account, which they have provided and voila, my DBS Vickers(DBS brokerage) online trading account and cash upfront account is set up!

    What is a cash upfront account?


    • As quoted from the above link, it is a pre-funded account where you need to top up sufficient cash into an account before executing a trade.
    • Currently, the cash upfront account only allows you to trade in Singapore Stocks
    So, why did I choose DBS as my broker?

    • Simply because everyone in Singapore would have a POSB/DBS account when they're born(In short, for convenience sakes).
    What is the brokerage fees for DBS  cash upfront account?

    • Currently, the brokerage fee for DBS cash upfront account is 0.18%, min SGD10

    What should be the minimum amount one should invest? (I mention this a few weeks before in this post)
    • 0.18%/100=0.0018
    • 10/0.0018=$5,555.55
    • The minimum amount that one should invest in each trade should be more than $5,555.55 
    ***Currently, DBS Vickers is having a promotion 15% trade rebate, this means that the 15% rebate is on the commission, ie 15% rebate on $25 (min standard comm) or 15% rebate on the $10 (cash upfront trade).Up till September 2018. Compare to the previous promotion of $5 trade rebate which I mention in my post a few weeks ago, this promotion definitely loses out.

    Most importantly...

    ***When you make a trade with DBS Vickers cash upfront account, it will only hold your stock for 3 days before transferring to your CDP account, this means that if you have to sell your stock after 3 days, you will have to sell it via your normal cash account when you place the sell order, which means you incurred a brokerage fee of  0.28%, min $25(Will give an example more about this in my future post)

    But bear in mind that DBS Vickers cash upfront account only allows you to trade in the Singapore market and not the foreign market, so what if you want to trade in the US market?

    Which bring me opening a second brokerage account with standard chartered bank which is a custodian account hence the lower brokerage charges compare to DBS Vickers, you can view the brokerage charges for standard chartered in this link.

    • Brokerage charges for standard chartered online and mobile trades:0.20%, min $10
    • 0.20%/100=0.002
    • $10/0.002=$5000
    • The minimum amount that one should invest in each trade should be more than $5,000
    So far, I have only use DBS Vickers for all of my investing/trade and have not used standard chartered for any trades yet, but since the brokerage fee policy has changed for DBS Vickers, I will probably start using standard charter more.

    What are you guy using for your brokerage? Do share below:)

    stay tuned to the next post!

    Friday 9 November 2018

    (Post 57/week 45)Learning trading/investing together part 6:RSS (Regular shares savings)

    Regular Shares Savings(RSS)

    Previously, I have written about my choice for choosing POSB invest saver plan here

    What is RSS? 

    • RSS plan offers investors an affordable and convenient way of investment by committing a fixed amount of money on a monthly basis for a preferred share, allowing us to enjoy the benefits of dollar cost averaging

    What is dollar-cost averaging?

    • When the share price is higher, we would buy fewer shares with the fixed dollar amount
    • When the share price is lower.we would buy more shares with the same amount
    • This means we automatically buy less at market highs and buy more at market lows
    • Over time, the price we paid for our portfolio of shares would be averaged out
    Benefits of RSS 


    • RSS allows us to buy into selected shares by investing an affordable and regular amount per month, from as little as $100 

    2. Dollar cost averaging
    • RSS removes the need to time the market and trying to figure out when is the lowest point to buy

    • RSS generally has a lower cost of transaction with no lock-in period

    Who provides RSS?

    RSS is offered by DBS group, Maybank Kim Eng, OCBC Bank, and phillip securities

    This useful chart from seedly show the different regular saving plans in Singapore

    POSB invest saver however only allow you to have a choice between STI ETF(G3B) and ABF  Singapore bond fund index, unlike the other regular saving plan that allows you to choose other shares

    As for me, I see the regular saving plan as a form of (dollar cost averaging)savings and defensive measure to ensure that my money continues to grow in an "average result" besides doing trading, saving and whatnots.

    So, after giving an introduction to the various forms of investment, next week, I am going to talk about the different brokerages before moving on to some trading strategies that I currently employed or employed, stay tuned to that!